The sweltering heat can sap your strength when you’re outdoors, but once you get home a cool environment can reinvigorate you. Everyone knows that an excellent way to help you feel comfortable within your home is by installing an air-conditioning, but exactly how does it keep you cool when the temperature is simmering outside?
How Air Conditioners Work
Air conditioners blow the hot air from inside to outside while introducing cool air to replace it. Inside your air conditioner is a set of evaporator coils that helps to cool the hot air with a liquid called refrigerant, which changes to gas as it heats up. The compressor then pumps this over to another set of coils called the condenser, where the gas changes back into a liquid.
Let’s understand the 3 basic functions of an air conditioner:
- Maintains and frees the air from excessive humidity
- Helps keep the ventilation of air constant
- Removes dust and other micro-organisms so you keep breathing good air
Proper and regular maintenance of the air conditioner is very essential. Understanding how each of the components work can also help you make the air conditioner work efficiently and tremendously increase its cost-effectiveness.
How to save money on air conditioning & make them run more effeciently?
There is often a misconception that all air conditioners are power guzzlers. This is not true. If you look for the right kind of energy-efficient rating systems, you can save yourself a lot of trouble down the road. Also, depending on a host of other factors, air conditioners can be used to maintain cost-effectiveness at home or even in your office.
These 5 basic tips can help lighten the load on an air conditioner and increase its efficiency:
- Shading glass windows or reducing air leakages through the sills
- Using products that can help cool the roof or outer walls
- Switching off electrical appliances when not needed
- Using exhaust fans in the kitchen and bathrooms to dehumidify air
- Ensuring proper ventilation of air (but not when exterior humidity is high)
What Factors Contribute to the Malfunctioning of an Air Conditioner?
The components of an air conditioner work together in unison, and if a single part of the system malfunctions then the air will not be cooled properly. If any component stops working, such as an obstructed airflow, refrigerant leakage, broken ducts, coils and compressors, or dirty filters, then the air conditioner will consume extra energy or even stop working!
Here are some of the factors to consider:
- Load Bearing Capacity – Each air conditioner has been designed to meet a certain load in the home. Thus they are measured by different tons, depending on the load that they can handle. The load on your AC can be reduced to increase its efficiency by following the 5 points we discussed above.
- Adequate Ventilation – This is very essential for any air conditioner to function at its very best. If adequate ventilation is not provided, then mechanical ventilation is required to meet the minimum requirements. Sufficient ventilation to help exchange air is a must, otherwise it can lead to various contaminants entering the system, causing discomfort and health issues as well as affecting how the AC functions.
- Proper Filtering – Every air conditioner comes with filters, and their basic job is to filter the air stream, remove air particles, and keep the air conditioner clean. A dirty filter can block or decrease the airflow and cause discomfort. Removal of filters is a temporary measure as the particles will cause harm to the evaporator coils and clog air flow there, so it’s best to change filters regularly.
- Duct Maintenance – Duct leakage can cause the cool airflow to drop, increasing the load on the air conditioner and making your home uncomfortable. Ducts should be checked regularly for leaks, cracks and holes, and duct insulation is an economical way of ensuring better efficiency for your air conditioning system.
- Humidity Control – Where humidity is high, the air conditioner may not run at its optimum. Dehumidifying the environment can help – not setting the thermostat to the “fan” on position; use of exhaust fans for certain activities like cooking, bathing etc. before switching on the air conditioner; and not leaving windows open while the air conditioner is running.
If at any time you notice the air conditioner is not working at its full capacity, check the above factors and ensure that they have all been taken care of. You may need to call in a professional repair service for help since they can set up a service and maintenance schedule to keep it running efficiently.